Begin with SQL Database


  • ·        What is SQL?
  • ·        How SQL Works?
  • ·        Common SQL Commands
  • ·        Installing XAMPP.

1.    What is SQL?

SQL stands for Structured Query Language. SQL is a free and Open-Source Relational Database Management System (RDBMS). RDBMS is the basis for SQL, and for all modern database systems such as MS SQL Server, IBM DB2, Oracle, MySQL, and Microsoft Access. SQL is a language programmers use to create, modify and extract data from the relational database, as well as control user access to the database. MySQL works in different operating system like Windows, Linux, MacOS etc.

SQL is not a database system, but it is a query language. SQL (Structured Query Language) is used to perform operations on the records stored in the database, such as updating records, inserting records, deleting records, creating and modifying database tables, views, etc.

2.    How SQL Works?

During the time of SQL Query Language execution, the system find outs the best way to handle the request. Then after SQL engine determines how to interpret that particular command which is given by the user.

The architecture of SQL is shown in the following diagram below:

                                                      Fig: Process of SQL

3.    Common SQL Commands

  • ·        CREATE
  • ·        UPDATE
  • ·        DELETE
  • ·        SELECT
  • ·        DROP
  • ·        INSERT

We will go through these commands in further posts.

4.    Installing XAMPP

Now to write these commands you need to first install the XAMPP Server. XAMPP is a completely free, easy to install Apache distribution containing MariaDB, PHP, and Perl.

For the installation of XAMPP:

You need to download the XAMPP from here:

Download XAMPP according to your operating system. After the download click on the file and accept the application then you will get this window given below.

xampp site

Now you just need to click on “Next” button.




After green line completes you will get this window given below:


Then click next you will get XAMPP Control Panel.


Click on start, you will get the popup window like this. Just click on allow and move on.


To write SQL Commands you just need to click on “Shell” button in XAMPP Control Panel Window.


You will get the terminal like this and then you are set to go.


Now you are ready to go with SQL.

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